Academic Impact

Selected Publications


Citations: Textbooks & Journals

There is No Social Change Without Coercion” cited in:

Alpert, Avram. “Philosophy Against and in Praise of Violence: Kant, Thoreau and the Revolutionary Spectator.” Theory, Culture & Society.  DOI:10.1177/0263276416651976 (see page 16).

Why America Lacks Credibility in the Middle East” cited in:

Hoehn, Andrew R. et al. Strategic Choices for a Turbulent World: In Pursuit of Security and Opportunity. RAND Corporation, 2017 (see note 18).

ISIL’s Barbaric Acts are Highly-Successful Propaganda” cited in:

Al-Majdhoub, Fatima M. & Azizah Hamzah. “Framing the Islamic State: A Content Analysis of News Coverage by CNN & Al-Jazeera.” Malaysian Journal of Communication. Vol. 32, No. 1 (see page 356).

Sourgens, Frederic G. “The End of Law: The ISIL Case Study for a Comprehensive Theory of Lawlessness.” Fordham International Law Journal. Vol. 39, No. 2 (see note 247).

Israel and Palestinians Need a One-State Solutioncited in:

Ghanem, As’ad & Dan A. Bavly. “Seeking an Egalitarian State in Palestine/Israel: The Recent Debate about Binationalism.” Constellations. Vol. 23, No. 3 (see note 53).

de Martino, Claudia. The New Israeli Order: Beyond the Two-State Paradigm. Castelvecchi, 2017 (see note 49).

Mexican Drug Cartels Are Worse Than ISIL cited in:

Bellal, Annyssa. “Beyond the Pale? Engaging the Islamic State on International Humanitarian Law.” Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law. Vol. 18 (see note 112).

Braham, Persephone. “True-Crime, Crime Fiction and Journalism in Mexico.” In Globalization and the State in Contemporary Crime Fiction. Palgrave MacMillan, 2016 (see page 122).

Garcia, Jose A. “Review: Robert J. Bunker & John P. Sullivan (Eds.), Studies in Gangs and Cartels.”  Journal of International Relations Research. Vol. 5 (see note 55).

McNeal, Kelley. “Contextualizing Global Media Literacy in the Standards-Based Classroom: Moving Beyond the Culture of the Dichotomous ‘Like.’” In Global Media Literacy in the Digital Age: Teaching Beyond the Borders (16). Peter Lang Publishing Inc., 2015 (see p. 135-6).

By Hyping ISIL Threat, U.S. is Falling into Group’s Trap” cited in:

Zelizer, Barbie. “Cold War Redux and the News: Islamic State and the U.S. Through Each-Other’s Eyes.” Critical Studies in Media Communication. Vol. 35, No. 1 (see page 18).

ibid. “Journalism’s Deep Memory: Cold War Mindedness and Coverage of Islamic State.” International Journal of Communication. Vol. 10 (see p. 6077).

The Myth and Reality of Sectarianism in Iraq” cited in:

Blatt, Charlotte. “Operational Success, Strategic Failure: Assessing the 2007 Iraq Troop Surge.” Parameters (the U.S. Army War College Quarterly). Vol. 47, No. 1 (see note 20).

DeBrabander, Ludo. “Violent Jihadism and the International Chessboard.” In The Lure of I.S.: Syrian Fighters and (de) Radicalization. Pelckmans, 2015 (see page 79).

Fernando, Alberto M. “Here to Stay and Growing: Combatting ISIS Propaganda Networks.” Brookings Project on U.S. Relations in the Islamic World (see note 26).

Karagiannis, Emmanuel. The New Political Islam: Human Rights, Democracy and JusticeUniversity of Pennsylvania Press, 2017 (see Chapter 5, note 9 & Chapter 6, note 14).

Proctor, Keith &  Beza Tesfaye. “Investing in Iraq’s Peace: How Good Governance Can Diminish Support for Violent Extremism.” Mercy Corps, December 2015 (see notes 19, 20).

Israel, Not Hamas, Orchestrated the Latest Conflict in Gaza” cited in:

Gray, Gavin. “The Manichaean Worldview: Japanese Foreign Policy and the Danger of Dualistic Interpretations of International Affairs.” Journal of Osaka Jogakuin University. Vol. 11 : pp. 81-102 (see note 66). 

Robinson, Glenn E. “Gaza 2014: Hamas’ Strategic Calculus.” Parameters (the U.S. Army War College Quarterly). Vol. 44, No. 4 (see note 29).

Red Lines Drawn with Syrian Blood” cited in:

Ryan, David & David Fitzgerald. Obama, U.S. Foreign Policy and the Dilemmas of Intervention. Palgrave Pivot, 2014 (see pg. 125).

Shallow Democracy v. Deep State: An Archeology of the Crisis in Egypt” cited in:

Khalifa, Sherif. Egypt’s Lost Spring: Causes and Consequences. Prager, 2014 (see chapter 19, note 22).

The Ties That Bind Obama to Bush Run Across the Middle East” cited in:

Movkebayeva, A. & А. Reshetnyak. “The Middle East Democratization Policy of the U.S.: from the Suez Crisis to the Arab Spring.” Bulletin of Kyrgyz National University: Series on International Relations & International Law. Vol. 69, No. 1 (see note 10).

Syria Contextualized: The Numbers Game” cited in:

Barany, Zoltan. “General Failure in Syria.” Foreign Affairs, 17 July 2013.

ibid. How Armies Respond to Revolutions and Why. Princeton University Press, 2016 (see Chapter 5, notes 105 & 109).

Demir, Imran. Overconfidence and Risk Taking in Foreign Policy Decision Making. Palgrave MacMillan, 2017 (see chapter 5, note 90).

Dixon, Paul. “‘Endless Wars of Altruism?’ Human Rights, Humanitarianism and the Syrian War.” International Journal of Human Rights, Vol. 21 (see note 80).

Hastings, Tom H. A New Era of Non-Violence: The Power of Civil Society Over War. McFarland, 2014 (see pp. 24, 25, 65, 76).

Lee, Jong-Taek. “The Prospect of Resolving the Syrian Civil War.” Middle East Studies, Vol. 12, No. 2: pp. 1-34 (see p. 27).

Monshipouri, Mahmood & Erich Weiger. “Syria: The Hopes and Challenges of Mediation.” Insight Turkey. Vol. 16, No. 2: pp. 149-65 (see note 11).

Rodriguez, Enrique. “The Use of Chemical Weapons in Ghouta and the Geopolitics of the Syrian Conflict.” Syria in the Whirlwind: Insurrection, War and Geopolitics. El Colegio de Mexico Press, 2017.

Ruggiero, Luca. “Renewable Energy and the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership after the ‘Arab Spring.’Bollettino Della Societa Geographica Italiana. Series 13, Vol. 7: pp. 359-73 (see p. 360).

ibid. “The Role of Hydrocarbons in the Geopolitical Scenarios of Euro-Mediterranean Energy Security after the ‘Arab Spring.’Revista Geografica Italiana. Vol. 122, No. 1: pp. 51-66 

Scholz, Norbert. “Literature on Arab and Middle Eastern Politics.” Journal of Palestine Studies. Vol. 43, No. 1: pp. 1-16 (see page 6).  

Simons, Greg. “The Roles of Non-Governmental Organizations in Knowledge Management of Conflicts.” Journal of Public Administration (Russia). Vol. 64: pp. 362-76 (see note 33).

Sorenson, David S. Introduction to the Modern Middle East: History, Religion, Political Economy, Politics. Westview Press, 2013 (see chapter 12, note 32, p. 491).

Stenge, Csaba B. “Radical Islamic Foreign Fighters in the Syrian Civil War.” Defense Review (the journal of the Hungarian Army). Vol. 142, No.5: pp. 26-44 (see p. 44; English-language abstract available on p. 162).

Tasopoulos, Ilias. “Religious Minorities in Turbulent Periods: The Recurring Dilemma for Christians in the Middle East.” Hemispheres. Vol. 29, No. 3: pp. 71-84 (see note 20).

Tinnes, Judith. “Literature on the Conflict in Syria: 2011- November 2013.” Perspectives on Terrorism. Vol. 7, No. 6: pp. 137-165 (see p. 140).

Zambelis, Chris. “Syria’s Sunnis and the Regime’s Resilience.” CTC Sentinel (a publication of the Combatting Terrorism Center at West Point). Vol. 8, Issue 5 (see note 24, p.8).


Presented Research


February 22: “Want to Change Attitudes About Affirmative Action? Look to Cultural Cognition and Moral Psychology” (to be) presented at the 2018 Eastern Sociological Society (ESS) conference.

January 20: “Al-Qaeda and ISIS as Mirrors to the West” (to be) presented at the workshop, “Is there an After 9/11? Terrorism, Threats, Challenges and Responses” hosted by the Orfalea Center for Global and International Studies, UC Santa Barbara.


November 21: “Interpreting Narratives of ISIS’ Western Sympathizers” presented at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the Middle East Studies Association (MESA).

October 14: “Social Research in the Age of Trump” presented at the 2017 Institute for Humane Studies Fall Research Colloquium.

September 27: “A Lack of Ideological Diversity is Killing Social Research” presented at the Times Higher Education U.S. Student Success Forum 2017.


November 12: “Al-Qaeda in the American Consciousness” presented at the 102nd Annual Conference for the National Communication Association.

February 26: “Who Joins ISIS (and Why)?” delivered at “Security Populisms & Insecure Transmissions: Global Security Workshop,” hosted by the Orfalea Center for Global Studies at University of California Santa Barbara (UCSB).


March 28: “Five U.S. Policies That Contributed to the Rise of ISIS (And are now being rehashed to combat them)” delivered at the 15th Annual Conference in Middle East and North African Studies, hosted by UA MENA Graduate Student Organization.


April 11: “From the Numbers Game to the End Game in Syria,” delivered at the 14th Annual Conference in Middle East and North African Studies, hosted by UA MENA Graduate Student Organization.


September 27:  “Contextualizing Justice and the Good,” delivered at the 2nd Annual Saguaro Symposium on Governance hosted by the UA School of Government and Public Policy.

September 25: “Obstacles to a Negotiated End to the Crisis in Syria” delivered to a community discussion group at Trinity Presbyterian Church on behalf of the UA Center for Middle East Studies.

February 28: “A Primer on Mali” presented at the Cinema Africa Village of Nations Culture Celebration hosted by the US Army Culture Center in conjunction with UA South, Cochise College, and the Sierra Vista Public Library.

February 14: “Getting to the Facts of the Syrian Civil War,” delivered to a Voyager RV Senior Citizen Community on behalf of the UA Center for Middle East Studies.


November 9: “Hume& Kierkegaard: The Limitations of Rationalism and Empiricism & the Nature of Faith,” a guest lecture for PHIL 233: Philosophy of Religion

November 3: “Introduction to the Arab Spring” delivered as part of the workshop, “War, Conflict Resolution, and Reconstruction in the Modern Middle East,” on behalf of the UA Center for Middle East Studies.

October 27:“A Survey of the People, Languages, Religions, and Cultures of the Greater Middle East” delivered as part of the workshop, “War, Conflict Resolution, and Reconstruction in the Modern Middle East,” on behalf of the UA Center for Middle East Studies.

October 26: “Diplomacy, Geopolitics, and the Syrian Civil War” presented at the “Syria Bleeds” panel hosted by UA STAND.

October 12: “Inductive v. Deductive Reasoning: Terms & Methods,” a series of guest-lectures for three discussion-sections of PHIL 110: Logic and Critical Thinking

September 28: “Against Ethics,” presented at the 1st Annual Saguaro Symposium on Institutions hosted by the UA School of Government and Public Policy.

April 23: “The Arab SpringTM: All Rights Reserved” presented at the “Ripple Effects of the Arab Spring” panel, hosted by SISMEC and the UA School of Mideast& North Africa Studies.


November 4: “Philosophical Reflections on Christ and America: How Would Jesus Vote?” presented in the 2011 Student Showcase at the University of Arizona.

October 21: “Four Iterations of the Problem of Evil,” a guest lecture for PHIL 233: Philosophy of Religion